Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that is caused by direct exposure to asbestos. The disease affects specific organ systems based on how the patient is exposed to the asbestos products. Workers and consumers are at risk of developing the cancer according to what products they use each day.
Where Does It Originate?
When patients develop Mesothelioma, it originates in one of three regions. The disease starts in the lining of the heart, lungs, or abdomen. It is discovered after a biopsy is performed to evaluate tissue. Any individuals who were exposed to asbestos-related products should undergo testing immediately after they were exposed.
Details About Mesothelioma Cases
Up to 2,800 patients are diagnosed with the disease each year. The chances of surviving the disease depend greatly on when it is diagnosed. It is possible for patients to survive if the disease is found at the earliest stage and when it is centrally located in one region of the body. Once the cancer cells have spread, it is less likely that the surgical removal of tumors will cure the patient.
The Types of Mesothelioma
Pleural mesothelioma is located in the lining of the lungs. It is the most common form of the disease. It is caused by the inhalation of the dust directly. Next, peritoneal mesothelioma is found in the abdomen. The disease is caused if the patient swallows or inhales fibers from asbestos products. Pericardial mesothelioma is found in the lining of the heart. The fibers or dust becomes trapped in the pericardium.
What Treatments are Used?
The most common treatments used for mesothelioma are chemo, radiation, and surgical removal of the tumors or cells. The treatments are presented to extend the life of patients and manage symptoms of the disease. There isn’t a known cure for the form of cancer.
Workers who are employed at factories, mills, and shipyards are at the highest risk for developing mesothelioma. However, mechanics and consumers are at risk of developing the disease. It is the inhalation or ingestion of the dust or fibers that lead to more cases. Individuals who suspect that they have asbestos cancer should schedule an appointment with their doctor now.